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About this Famous Person

Guy MOQUET

French Guy MOQUET

born Guy Prosper Eustache MOQUET

French Resistant

Source :  Thierry TRANCHANT

Born: on April 26, 1924 in Paris, France
Died: on October 22, 1941 in Châteaubriant, France


Biography

Môquet studied at the Lycée Carnot and joined the Communist Youth Movement. After the occupation of Paris by the Germans and the installation of the Vichy government, Môquet was arrested by the French police, following the third republic dissolution of the FCP because its high treason in 1939, as he distributed flyers in his neighbourhood denouncing the new government and demanding the liberation of its prisoners. He was arrested on 13 October 1940, in the Métro station Gare de l'Est by French police who were looking for Communist militants. The police behaved in a friendly way towards him in the hopes that he would reveal the names of his father’s friends.

Imprisoned in Fresnes Prison, then in Clairvaux, he was later transferred to the camp at Châteaubriant, where other Communist militants were detained.

On 20 October 1941, the commanding officer of the German occupation forces in Loire-Atlantique, Karl Hotz, was assassinated by three communist resisters. Pierre Pucheu, Interior Minister of the government of Marshal Philippe Pétain, chose Communist prisoners to be given as hostages “in order to avoid letting 50 good French people get shot.” His selection comprised 18 imprisoned in Nantes, 27 at Châteaubriant, and 5 from Nantes who were imprisoned in Paris.

Two days later, the 27 prisoners at Châteaubriant were shot in three groups. They refused blindfolds, and died crying out “Vive la France” (“Long live France”). Guy Môquet, the youngest, was executed at 4 p.m.
Facsimile of his famous last words: "Les copains qui restez, soyez dignes de nous! Les 27 qui vont mourir."

Before being shot, Môquet had written a letter to his parents. His younger brother, Serge - 12 years old at the time - was traumatised by the death of Guy and survived him only by a few days.

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